Los TTM


Los Trastornos Témporomandibulares son desórdenes que afectan a las articulaciones temporomandibulares, a los músculos masticatorios o a ambos.

Se manifiestan con dificultad para mover la mandíbula o molestias y/o ruidos durante los movimientos; pero el síntoma que gatilla la búsqueda de ayuda por parte de los pacientes es el dolor.

El dolor es generalmente difuso y de múltiples localizaciones, pudiendo abarcar la zona del oído, mejillas, sienes, dientes, mandíbula y hasta el cuello.

Este espacio surge para orientar a pacientes y profesionales, en el área de los Trastornos Témporomandibulares y el Dolor Orofacial.



DRA. MARÍA PAZ FARIÑA V.
_____________________________________

Trastornos del Sueño

Los trastornos del sueño involucran cualquier tipo de dificultad relacionada con el hecho de dormir, incluyendo dificultad para conciliar el sueño o permanecer dormido, quedarse dormido en momentos inapropiados, tiempo de sueño total excesivo o conductas anormales durante el sueño.

La Clasificación Internacional del los Trastornos del Sueño divide a las enfermedades del sueño en ocho grupos, dentro de los cuales se encuentran diferentes trastornos:

  1. Insomnio
  2. Trastornos del sueño relacionados con la respiración
  3. Hipersomnias de origen central
  4. Trastornos del sueño del ritmo circadiano
  5. Parasomnias
  6. Sueño relacionados con los trastornos del movimiento
  7. Síntomas aislados y variantes normales
  8. Otros trastornos del sueño
American Academy of Sleep Medicine. International classification of sleep disorders, 2nd ed: Diagnostic and coding manual, American Academy of Sleep Medicine, Westchester, IL 2005.


INSOMNIA
Adjustment Insomnia
Psychophysiological Insomnia
Paradoxical Insomnia
Idiopathic Insomnia
Insomnia Due to Mental Disorder
Inadequate Sleep Hygiene
Behavioral Insomnia of Childhood
Insomnia Due to Drug or Substance
Insomnia Due to Alcohol
Insomnia Due to Medical Condition
Insomnia Not Due to Substance or Known Physiological Condition, Unspecified
Physiological (Organic) Insomnia, Unspecified

SLEEP RELATED BREATHING DISORDERS
Primary Central Sleep Apnea
Central Sleep Apnea Due to Cheyne Stokes Breathing Pattern
Central Sleep Apnea Due to High-Altitude Periodic Breathing
Central Sleep Apnea Due to Medical Condition Not Cheyne Stokes
Central Sleep Apnea Due to Drug or Substance
Primary Sleep Apnea of Infancy
Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Adult
Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Pediatric
Sleep Related Nonobstructive Alveolar Hypoventilation, Idiopathic
Congenital Central Alveolar Hypoventilation Syndrome

Sleep Related Hypoventilation/Hypoxemia Due to:
Lower Airways Obstruction
Neuromuscular and Chest Wall Disorders
Pulmonary Parenchymal or Vascular Pathology
Sleep Apnea/Sleep Related Breathing Disorder, Unspecified

HYPERSOMNIA
Narcolepsy
Narcolepsy With Cataplexy
Narcolepsy Without Cataplexy
Narcolepsy Due to Medical Condition With Cataplexy
Narcolepsy Due to Medical Condition Without Cataplexy
Narcolepsy Unspecified
Kleine-Levin Syndrome
Menstrual-Related Hypersomnia
Idiopathic Hypersomnia With Long Sleep Time
Idiopathic Hypersomnia Without Long Sleep Time
Behaviorally Induced Insufficient Sleep Syndrome
Hypersomnia Due to Medical Condition
Hypersomnia Due to Drug or Substance
Hypersomnia Due to Alcohol
Hypersomnia Not Due to Substance or Known Physiological Condition
Physiological (Organic) Hypersomnia, Unspecified

CIRCADIAN RHYTHM SLEEP DISORDER
Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorder Delayed Sleep Phase Type
Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorder Advanced Sleep Phase Type
Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorder Irregular Sleep-Wake Type
Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorder Nonentrained Type (Free Running)
Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorder Jet Lag Type
Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorder Shift Work Type
Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorder Due to Medical Condition
Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorder Other
Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorder Due to Drug or Substance
Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorder Due to Alcohol

PARASOMNIA
Confusional Arousals
Sleepwalking
Sleep Terrors
REM Sleep Behavior Disorder
Recurrent Isolated Sleep Paralysis
Nightmare Disorder
Sleep Related Dissociative Disorders
Sleep Enuresis
Sleep Related Groaning (Catathrenia)
Exploding Head Syndrome
Sleep Related Hallucinations
Sleep Related Eating Disorder
Parasomnia, Unspecified
Parasomnias Due to Drug or Substance
Parasomnias Due to Alcohol
Parasomnias Due to Medical Condition

SLEEP RELATED MOVEMENT DISORDER
Restless Legs Syndrome
Periodic Limb Movement Disorder
Sleep Related Leg Cramps
Sleep Related Bruxism
Sleep Related Rhythmic Movement Disorder
Sleep Related Movement Disorder, Unspecified
Sleep Related Movement Disorder Due to Drug or Substance
Sleep Related Movement Disorder Due to Medical Condition

ISOLATED SYMTOMPS
Long Sleeper
Short Sleeper
Snoring
Sleeptalking
Sleep Starts, Hypnic Jerks
Benign Sleep Myoclonus of Infancy
Hypnagogic Foot Tremor and Alternating Leg Muscle Activation during Sleep
Propriospinal Myoclonus at Sleep Onset
Excessive Fragmentary Myoclonus

OTHER SLEEP DISORDER
Physiological Sleep Disorder, Unspecified
Environmental Sleep Disorder
Fatal Familial Insomnia

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